Why is HOW in Korean Insensitive to Islands? - A Revised Nominal Analysis
- Why is HOW in Korean Insensitive to Islands? - A Revised Nominal Analysis
- Island Effects; WH-element; D-linking; Nominal; Binding; Movement
- Issue Date
- 현대문법연구, v. 39, Page. 115~131
- Korean HOW, i.e. ettehkey, unlike its English counterpart, i.e. how, does not show island effects. There
have been several approaches entertained in the literature to account for the island insensitivity:T. Chung s (1991) VP adjunct analysis and an ECP account; D. Chung s(1996) nominal analysis and a binding account; Yang s (1997) d-linking analysis and an ECP account; and D. Chung s (2000a) predicate analysis and an ECP account. As
reviewed in Chung (2000a), the first two analyses bear some critical empirical and/or theoretical problems. Pointing out that the third and fourth approaches also face some empirical and/or theoretical problems, this paper proposes an alternative analysis, a revised nominal analysis, in which ettehkey is decomposed into four sub-parts:
e-tte-ha-key, Det-N-do-adverbializer . The second element, i.e. -tte, is diagnosed as a nominal element because the first element, i.e. e-, as a determiner, requires a nominal complement and the third element, i.e. -ha, as a transitive verb, requires a nominal complement. The proposed analysis gains support from the morphological paradigms that Korean WH-elements display. Given this revised nominal analysis, the scope of HOW in Korean can be licensed via binding, accounting for the lack of island effects.
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