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Oxygen annealing of the ZnO nanoparticle layer for the high-performance PbS colloidal quantum-dot photovoltaics

Title
Oxygen annealing of the ZnO nanoparticle layer for the high-performance PbS colloidal quantum-dot photovoltaics
Author
이휘건
Keywords
Quantum-dot; Solar cell; ZnO nanoparticle; Surface defect; Interfacial recombination
Issue Date
2019-03
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, v. 421, Page. 124-131
Abstract
Though numerous researches regarding the influence of annealing atmospheric condition of ZnO have been carried out, the impact of annealing atmosphere on the carrier transporting properties and the performance of the ZnO-based optoelectronics has not been well-established. Here, the effects of annealing atmosphere (i.e., N-2, ambient air, and O-2) used to generate ZnO nanoparticle (NP) layers are elucidated. The chemical nature of ZnO layers, especially the amount of oxygen vacancies in ZnO NPs, is modulated by the annealing atmosphere. As the composition of O-2 gas increases in the annealing atmosphere, a notable reduction of oxygen vacancies of ZnO NPs and electron mobility enhancement are observed, indicating that O-2 gas contributes to a reduction of surface defects on ZnO NPs during the annealing process. In addition, trap-filling by reduced oxygen vacancies of airand O-2-annealed ZnO layers, induces the enhanced built-in potential in colloidal quantum-dot photovoltaic (CQDPV) devices. As expected, PbS CQDPVs with an air- and O-2-annealed ZnO layer demonstrate significantly improved power conversion efficiencies than CQDPVs with an N-2-annealed ZnO layer. Further analysis shows that the interfacial recombination is reduced for CQDPVs with an air- and O-2-annealed ZnO layer due to the reduced trap states of ZnO NPs.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378775319302502https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/107206
ISSN
0378-7753; 1873-2755
DOI
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.03.013
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > CHEMISTRY(화학과) > Articles
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