Number of highway lanes and level of service are based on the 30th, 60th or 100th highest hour volume of the target year. On the other hand, railroad design volume is generally expressed in average annual daily traffic (AADT). This procedure ignores attributes of railroad demand's concentration on peak days and hours. Actual data analysis represents railroad's peaking characteristics very similar to those of highways. Therefore it is necessary to set a procedure in selecting design volume for railroad planning. This study presents a concept and the calculating procedure for railroad design hourly volume to analyze effect of railroad investment.