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Dynamic Photoelectrochemical Device with Open-Circuit Potential Insensitive to Thermodynamic Voltage Loss

Title
Dynamic Photoelectrochemical Device with Open-Circuit Potential Insensitive to Thermodynamic Voltage Loss
Author
이정호
Keywords
WATER-SPLITTING PHOTOANODES; HYDROGEN EVOLUTION; H-2 EVOLUTION; SOLAR-CELLS; SILICON; PERFORMANCE; SI; LAYER; ELECTROCATALYST; PHOTOCATHODES
Issue Date
2018-09
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, v. 9, No. 18, Page. 5412-5418
Abstract
The open-circuit potential (V-oc) represents the maximum thermodynamic potential in a device, and achieving a high V-oc is crucial for self-biased photoelectrochemical (PEC) devices that use only solar energy to produce chemical energy. In general, V-oc is limited by the photovoltage (V-ph), which is a potential difference generated by light-induced thermodynamic processes at semiconductor photoelectrodes, such as the generation and recombination of charge carriers. Therefore, low light intensity and nanostructured semiconductor materials degrade V-ph (and V-oc) by inefficient carrier generation and by enhancing recombination loss, respectively. Here, we report that V-oc in dynamic PEC devices employing a porous NiOx/Si photocathode is insensitive to thermodynamic losses, which was clarified by varying the carrier generation and recombination rates. The V-oc values were observed to be unchanged even under a low light intensity of 0.1 sun, as well as for different morphologies such as nanostructured and polycrystalline Si. These findings shed light on the potential merit of dynamically operated PEC systems.
URI
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02295https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/105811
ISSN
1948-7185
DOI
10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02295
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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