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Eliminated Phototoxicity of TiO2 Particles by an Atomic-Layer-Deposited Al2O3 Coating Layer for UV-Protection Applications

Title
Eliminated Phototoxicity of TiO2 Particles by an Atomic-Layer-Deposited Al2O3 Coating Layer for UV-Protection Applications
Author
박태주
Keywords
Al2O3; atomic layer deposition; photocatalysis; TiO2; UV protection; FLUIDIZED-BED REACTOR; CORE/SHELL NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOCATALYTIC ACTIVITY; SUNSCREEN INGREDIENTS; TITANIUM-DIOXIDE; THIN-FILMS; PERFORMANCE; SILICA; NANOCOMPOSITES; ABSORPTION
Issue Date
2016-08
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation
CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, v. 22, No. 34, Page. 12022-12026
Abstract
We demonstrate the conformal coating of an ultrathin Al2O3 layer on TiO2 nanoparticles through atomic layer deposition by using a specifically designed rotary reactor to eliminate the phototoxicity of the particles for cosmetic use. The ALD reactor is modified to improve the coating efficiency as well as the agitation of the particles for conformal coating. Elemental and microstructural analyses show that ultrathin Al2O3 layers are conformally deposited on the TiO2 nanoparticles with a controlled thickness. Rhodamine B dye molecules on Al2O3-coated TiO2 exhibited a long life time under UV irradiation, that is, more than 2 h, compared to that on bare TiO2, that is, 8 min, indicating mitigation of photocatalytic activity by the coated layer. The effect of carbon impurities in the film resulting from various deposition temperatures and thicknesses of the Al2O3 layer on the photocatalytic activity are also thoroughly investigated with controlled experimental condition by using dye molecules on the surface. Our results reveal that an increased carbon impurity resulting from a low processing temperature provides a charge conduction path and generates reactive oxygen species causing the degradation of dye molecule. A thin coated layer, that is, less than 3 nm, also induced the tunneling of electrons and holes to the surface, hence oxidizing dye molecules. Furthermore, the introduction of an Al2O3 layer on TiO2 improves the light trapping thus, enhances the UV absorption.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/chem.201600815https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/102661
ISSN
0947-6539; 1521-3765
DOI
10.1002/chem.201600815
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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