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A space-efficient alphabet-independent Four-Russians' lookup table and a multithreaded Four-Russians' edit distance algorithm

Title
A space-efficient alphabet-independent Four-Russians' lookup table and a multithreaded Four-Russians' edit distance algorithm
Author
박희진
Keywords
Approximate string matching; Edit distance; Four-Russians' algorithm; Parallelization
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE, v. 656, NO. 20, Page. 173-179
Abstract
Given two strings X (|X| = m) and Y (|Y| = n) over an alphabet Sigma, the edit distance between X and Y can be computed in 0 (mn/t) time with the help of the Four Russians' lookup table whose block size is t. The Four-Russians' lookup table can be constructed in O ((3|Sigma|)(2t)t(2)) time using O((3|Sigma|(2t)t) space. However, the construction time and space requirement of the lookup table grow very fast as the alphabet size increases and thus it has been used only when |Sigma| is very small. For example, when a string is a protein sequence, |Sigma| = 20 and thus it is almost impossible to use the Four-Russians' lookup table on typical workstations. In this paper, we present an efficient alphabet-independent Four-Russians' lookup table. It requires O (3(2t)(2t)!t) space and can be constructed in O (3(2t)(2t)!t(2)) time. Thus, the Four-Russians' lookup table can be constructed and used irrespective of the alphabet size. The time and space complexity were achieved by compacting the lookup table using a clever encoding of the preprocessed strings. Experimental results show that the space requirement of the lookup table is reduced to about 1/5,172,030 of its original size when |Sigma| = 26 and t = 4. Furthermore, we present efficient multithreaded parallel algorithms for edit distance computation using the Four Russians' lookup table. The parallel algorithm for lookup table construction runs in O(t) time and the parallel algorithm for edit distance computation between X and Y runs in O (m + n) time. Experiments performed on CUDA-supported GPU show that our algorithm runs about 942 times faster than the sequential version of the original Four-Russians' algorithm for 100 pairs of random strings of length approximately 1,000 when |Sigma| = 4 and t = 4. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304397516300676?via%3Dihubhttps://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/101819
ISSN
0304-3975; 1879-2294
DOI
10.1016/j.tcs.2016.04.028
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > COMPUTER SCIENCE(컴퓨터소프트웨어학부) > Articles
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