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Civilian Victims in Wando-gun from the Liberation until the Korean War (1945-1950)

Title
Civilian Victims in Wando-gun from the Liberation until the Korean War (1945-1950)
Author
박찬승
Keywords
Korean War; Wando-gun; Soan Island; left wing; socialist movement; civilian victims
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
KOREAN NATL COMMISSION UNESCO
Citation
KOREA JOURNAL, v. 56, NO 4, Page. 33-61
Abstract
According to reports published by South Korea's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (jinsil hwahae-reul wihan gwageosa josa wiwonhoe) in 2007-2009, the number of civilian victims in the Wando-gun area between 1945 and 1950 was around 1,000. Why did Wando-gun have so many casualties? Five reasons might be provided: (1) during colonial rule, the socialist independence movement was quite active in Wandogun; (2) the police conducted left-wing mop-up operations in Wando-gun from 1945 to 1949; (3) during the Korean War, when police and the North Korean Army held their ground for six weeks in Wando-gun, mop-up operations of regional left-wing suspects occurred; (4) the North Korean Army, along with left-wing sympathizers, executed many people associated with the right-wing during their occupation of the island; and (5) after Wando-gun was restored to the South, police conducted strict interrogations of suspected traitors and executed many without trial. The case of Village A in Soan Island, where anti-Japanese nationalists were housed during the colonial period, can be regarded as representative. However, left-leaning sons and nephews of these nationalists were pursued and either executed or imprisoned by police. Those remaining during the Korean War were arrested and shot by police or had to flee to the mainland.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE07438654https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/101577
ISSN
0023-3900; 1225-4576
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF HUMANITIES[S](인문과학대학) > HISTORY(사학과) > Articles
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