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Mapping of a Mycoplasma-Neutralizing Epitope on the Mycoplasmal p37 Protein

Title
Mapping of a Mycoplasma-Neutralizing Epitope on the Mycoplasmal p37 Protein
Author
정재민
Keywords
MOUSE SARCOMA-CELLS; PROSTATE-CANCER; MEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEIN; INVASIVENESS; HYORHINIS; ANTIBODIES; INFECTION; CARCINOMA; INVITRO
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation
PLOS ONE, v. 11, Issue 12, Page. 1-17
Abstract
Many studies have shown that the mycoplasmal membrane protein p37 enhances cancer cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. Previously, we generated 6 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the mycoplasmal protein p37 and showed the presence of mycoplasma-infected circulating tumor cells in the blood of hepatocellular carcinoma patients by using CA27, one of the six MAbs. When mycoplasmas were incubated with cancer cells in the presence of CA27, mycoplasma infection was completely inhibited, suggesting that CA27 is a neutralizing antibody inhibiting mycoplasma infection. To examine the neutralizing epitope of CA27, we generated a series of glutathione S-transferase (GST)-fused p37 deletion mutant proteins in which p37 was partly deleted. To express p37-coding sequences in E.coli, mycoplasmal TGA codons were substituted with TGG in the p37 deletion mutant genes. GST-fused p37 deletion mutant proteins were then screened to identify the epitope targeted by CA27. Western blots showed that CA27 bound to the residues 216–246 on the middle part of the p37 protein while it did not bind to the residues 183–219 and 216–240. Fine mapping showed that CA27 was able to bind to the residues 226–246, but its binding activity was relatively weakened as compared to that to the residues 216–246, suggesting that the residues 226–246 is essential for optimal binding activity of CA27. Interestingly, the treatment of the purified GST-tagged epitopes with urea showed that CA27 binding to the epitope was sodium dodecyl sulfate-resistant but urea-sensitive. The same 226–246 residues were also recognized by two other anti-p37 MAbs, suggesting that the epitope is immunodominant. The identification of the novel neutralizing epitope may provide new insight into the interaction between the p37 protein and host receptors.
URI
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0169091https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/101521
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0169091
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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