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The Ratio-Based N Staging System Can More Accurately Reflect the Prognosis of T4 Gastric Cancer Patients with D2 Lymphadenectomy Compared with the 7th American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control Staging System

Title
The Ratio-Based N Staging System Can More Accurately Reflect the Prognosis of T4 Gastric Cancer Patients with D2 Lymphadenectomy Compared with the 7th American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control Staging System
Author
권성준
Keywords
Stomach neoplasms; Prognosis; TNM staging
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
Korean Gastric Cancer Association
Citation
Journal of Gastric Cancer, v. 16, NO 4, Page. 207-214
Abstract
Purpose: The utility of N classification has been questioned after the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)/Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) was published. We evaluated the correlation between ratio-based N (rN) classification with the overall survival of pathological T4 gastric cancer patients who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy. Materials and Methods: We reviewed 222 cases of advanced gastric cancer patients who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 2006 and December 2015. The T4 gastric cancer patents were classified into four groups according to the lymph node ratio (the number of metastatic lymph nodes divided by the retrieved lymph nodes): rN0, 0%; rN1, <= 13.3%; rN2, <= 40.0%; and rN3, >40.0%. Results: The rN stage showed a large down stage migration compared with pathological T4N3 (AJCC/UICC). There was a significant difference in overall survival between rN2 and rN3 groups in patients with pT4N3 (P=0.013). In contrast, the difference in metastatic lymph nodes was not significant in these patients (>= 16 vs. <15; P=0.177). In addition, the rN staging system showed a more distinct difference in overall survival than the pN staging system for pathological T4 gastric cancer patients. Conclusions: Our results confirm that rN staging could be a good alternative for pathological T4 gastric cancer patients who undergo D2 lymphadenectomy. However, before applying this system to gastric cancer patients who undergo D2 lymphadenectomy, a larger sample size is required to further evaluate the usefulness of the rN staging system for all stages, including less advanced stages.
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5230/jgc.2016.16.4.207https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/101497
ISSN
2093-582X; 2093-5641
DOI
10.5230/jgc.2016.16.4.207
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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