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The study on biomass fraction estimate methodology of municipal solid waste incinerator in Korea

Title
The study on biomass fraction estimate methodology of municipal solid waste incinerator in Korea
Author
김기현
Keywords
GREENHOUSE-GAS EMISSIONS; FOSSIL; CO2; (CO2)-C-14; CARBON; FUEL
Issue Date
2016-10
Publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Citation
JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, v. 66, NO 10, Page. 971-977
Abstract
In Korea, the amount of greenhouse gases released due to waste materials was 14,800,000 t CO(2)eq in 2012, which increased from 5,000,000 t CO(2)eq in 2010. This included the amount released due to incineration, which has gradually increased since 2010. Incineration was found to be the biggest contributor to greenhouse gases, with 7,400,000 t CO(2)eq released in 2012. Therefore, with regards to the trading of greenhouse gases emissions initiated in 2015 and the writing of the national inventory report, it is important to increase the reliability of the measurements related to the incineration of waste materials. This research explored methods for estimating the biomass fraction at Korean MSW incinerator facilities and compared the biomass fractions obtained with the different biomass fraction estimation methods. The biomass fraction was estimated by the method using default values of fossil carbon fraction suggested by IPCC, the method using the solid waste composition, and the method using incinerator flue gas. The highest biomass fractions in Korean municipal solid waste incinerator facilities were estimated by the IPCC Default method, followed by the MSW analysis method and the Flue gas analysis method. Therefore, the difference in the biomass fraction estimate was the greatest between the IPCC Default and the Flue gas analysis methods. The difference between the MSW analysis and the flue gas analysis methods was smaller than the difference with IPCC Default method. This suggested that the use of the IPCC default method cannot reflect the characteristics of Korean waste incinerator facilities and Korean MSW. Implications: Incineration is one of most effective methods for disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). This paper investigates the applicability of using biomass content to estimate the amount of CO2 released, and compares the biomass contents determined by different methods in order to establish a method for estimating biomass in the MSW incinerator facilities of Korea. After analyzing the biomass contents of the collected solid waste samples and the flue gas samples, the results were compared with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) method, and it seems that to calculate the biomass fraction it is better to use the flue gas analysis method than the IPCC method. It is valuable to design and operate a real new incineration power plant, especially for the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions.
URI
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10962247.2016.1185479https://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/100652
ISSN
1096-2247; 2162-2906
DOI
10.1080/10962247.2016.1185479
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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