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A Study on the Inequality of Social Welfare Expenditures in Local Governments;tXxɜ;
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Beta 4;
Sigma 4;
social welfare expenditure;
inequality measures;
beta convergence;
sigma convergence;2019-03\mYՌ\mY, 338, 1 , Page. 1-26https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART002456918;
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The purpose of this study is to analyze the regional inequality of social welfare and to produce the information that can be used for mitigating or solving the regional inequality. For this purpose, this study analyzes the difference in the social welfare expenditures from 2008 to 2016 among Si, Gun, Gu by ANOVA, and examines changes in social welfare expenditure inequality over time using Beta and Sigma convergence. First, the results of ANOVA show that the level of social welfare expenditure is high in the order of Gun, Si, Gu in every year, and that the mean difference is statistically significant. Second, the results of Beta convergence analysis show a statistically significant negative relationship between the average growth rate of social welfare expenditure and the social welfare expenditure of 2008, verifying that Beta convergence occurred during the analysis period. Third, the results of the Sigma convergence analysis using the time series chart and regression analysis show the decrease in all national, provincial, within provincial, and between provincial inequality measures. This means that the inequality in social welfare expenditures is alleviated and thus, Sigma convergence occurred.\mY3311-26&HQsj&)KLng[}dgZ|k~ B
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