Novel Cathode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries Composed of Spoke-Like Nanorods of Na[Ni0.61Co0.12Mn0.27]O-2 Assembled in Spherical Secondary Particles

Title
Novel Cathode Materials for Na-Ion Batteries Composed of Spoke-Like Nanorods of Na[Ni0.61Co0.12Mn0.27]O-2 Assembled in Spherical Secondary Particles
Author
선양국
Keywords
RECHARGEABLE SODIUM BATTERIES; SAFE LITHIUM BATTERIES; HIGH-ENERGY; ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTRODE PERFORMANCE; CHALLENGES; O3-TYPE; P2-TYPE; FUTURE; OXIDES
Issue Date
2016-10
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation
ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v. 26, NO. 44, Page. 8083-8093
Abstract
The development of high-energy and high-power density sodium-ion batteries is a great challenge for modern electrochemistry. The main hurdle to wide acceptance of sodium-ion batteries lies in identifying and developing suitable new electrode materials. This study presents a composition-graded cathode with average composition Na[Ni(0.61)Co(0.12)Mn(0.2)7]O-2, which exhibits excellent performance and stability. In addition to the concentration gradients of the transition metal ions, the cathode is composed of spoke-like nanorods assembled into a spherical superstructure. Individual nanorod particles also possess strong crystallographic texture with respect to the center of the spherical particle. Such morphology allows the spoke-like nanorods to assemble into a compact structure that minimizes its porosity and maximizes its mechanical strength while facilitating Na+-ion transport into the particle interior. Microcompression tests have explicitly verified the mechanical robustness of the composition-graded cathode and single particle electrochemical measurements have demonstrated the electrochemical stability during Na+-ion insertion and extraction at high rates. These structural and morphological features contribute to the delivery of high discharge capacities of 160 mAh (g oxide)(-1) at 15 mA g(-1) (0.1 C rate) and 130 mAh g(-1) at 1500 mA g(-1) (10 C rate). The work is a pronounced step forward in the development of new Na ion insertion cathodes with a concentration gradient.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adfm.201603439http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/81249
ISSN
1616-301X; 1616-3028
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201603439
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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