Bulk-Direct Synthesis of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Plasma-Assisted Electrolysis with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance

Title
Bulk-Direct Synthesis of TiO2 Nanoparticles by Plasma-Assisted Electrolysis with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance
Author
좌용호
Keywords
photocatalysis; Plasma-assisted electrolysis; TiO2 nanoparticles
Issue Date
2018-01
Publisher
ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC
Citation
JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, v. 165, No. 2, Page. E64-E69
Abstract
A new plasma-assisted electrolysis method has been developed to synthesize amorphous TiO2 nanoparticles and exploited for the enhanced photocatalytic performance. The method is simple, environmentally friendly,produces nanoparticles directly from bulk metal, and is suitable for mass production. The process was conducted in low-concentrationnitric acid electrolyte under a voltage of 450 V, the minimum necessary to produce plasma on the anode surface. The averagenanoparticle size was tuned between 16 and 28 nm by controlling electrolyte concentration within the range of 5 to 15 mM.The production rate increased with time, with the maximum of 11.27 g/h. The amorphous TiO2 nanoparticles were calcined at various temperatures to determine the crystalline structures and to compare their photocatalyticeffects. The structure ranged from pure anatase to rutile under various calcination temperatures; the anatase–rutile mixedphase produced at 600°C showed the highest catalytic performance, with 94% degradation of methylene blue within 30 min owingto a synergetic effect between the phases. This liquid-phase plasma-assisted electrolysis method can pave the way for large-scalesynthesis of highly pure metal-based ceramic nanoparticles with narrow size distributions.
URI
http://jes.ecsdl.org/content/165/2/E64http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/80895
ISSN
0013-4651
DOI
10.1149/2.0951802jes
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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