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Peptide inhibition of p22phox and Rubicon interaction as a therapeutic strategy for septic shock

Title
Peptide inhibition of p22phox and Rubicon interaction as a therapeutic strategy for septic shock
Author
양철수
Keywords
Sepsis; p22phox; Rubicon; Reactive oxygen species; Inflammation
Issue Date
2016-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
BIOMATERIALS, v. 101, Page. 47-59
Abstract
Sepsis is a clinical syndrome that complicates severe infection and is characterized by the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is a life threatening disease characterized by inflammation of the entire body. Upon microbial infection, p22phox-gp91phox NADPH oxidase (NOX) complexes produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are critical for the elimination of invading microbes. However, excess production of ROS represents a key element in the cascade of deleterious processes in sepsis. We have previously reported direct crosstalk between autophagy and phagocytosis machineries by demonstrating that the Rubicon protein interacts with p22phox upon microbial infection, facilitating phagosomal trafficking of the p22phox-gp91phox NOX complex to induce a ROS burst, inflammatory cytokine production, and thereby, potent anti-microbial activities. Here, we showed N8 peptide, an N-terminal 8-amino acid peptide derived from p22phox, was sufficient for Rubicon interaction and thus, capable of robustly blocking the Rubicon-p22phox interaction and profoundly suppressing ROS and inflammatory cytokine production. Consequently, treatment with the Tat-N8 peptide or a N8 peptide-mimetic small-molecule dramatically reduced the mortality associated with Cecal-Ligation-and-Puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis in mice. This study demonstrates a new anti-sepsis therapeutic strategy by blocking the crosstalk between autophagy and phagocytosis innate immunity machineries, representing a potential paradigm shift for urgently needed therapeutic intervention against this life-threatening SIRS. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142961216302319?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/80606
ISSN
0142-9612; 1878-5905
DOI
10.1016/j.biomaterials.2016.05.046
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL[S](대학원) > BIONANOTECHNOLOGY(바이오나노학과) > Articles
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