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A comparison of mono- and multi-valent ions as stack feed solutions in microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells and their effects on hydrogen generation

Title
A comparison of mono- and multi-valent ions as stack feed solutions in microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells and their effects on hydrogen generation
Author
박주양
Keywords
Hydrogen generation; Renewable energy; Resource recovery; Salinity-gradient power
Issue Date
2016-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
INTERNATIONAL BIODETERIORATION & BIODEGRADATION, v. 113, NO. Special SI, Page. 28-33
Abstract
Microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells (MRECs) are an emerging technology combining microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) with reverse electrodialysis (RED) for the production of hydrogen gas. In this study, the MREC system used monovalent ions (Na+ and Cl-) and a mixture of mono- and multi-valent ions (Mg2+ and SO42-) as stack feed solutions, which were compared to determine the effect of the presence of multivalent ions on MREC performance. The MREC system operated under batch conditions using acetate as a substrate while the RED stack operated under continuous flow conditions using pure NaCl and a mixture with a 10% molar fraction of multivalent ions and a 90% molar fraction of monovalent ions as stack feed solutions (flow rate = 1.2 mL min(-1)). When using 10% of MgSO4 as a stack feed solution, the maximum current achieved for the MREC system decreased from 4.2 to 3.7 mA compared to the pure NaCl. Moreover, the quantity of hydrogen produced, the production rate, and yield also decreased by approximately 32, 35, and 23%, respectively. The results obtained from this study demonstrated that the presence of multivalent ions had an adverse effect on MREC performance. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964830516300774?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/80492
ISSN
0964-8305; 1879-0208
DOI
10.1016/j.ibiod.2016.03.008
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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