North Korean Refugees As Penetrant Transnational Migrants

Title
North Korean Refugees As Penetrant Transnational Migrants
Author
정병호
Issue Date
2014-12
Publisher
Institute for the Study of Man, Inc.
Citation
URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY AND STUDIES OF CULTURAL SYSTEMS AND WORLD ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, v. 43, no. 4, page. 329-361
Abstract
North Koreans in South Korea have been seen as defectors, refugees, or migrants, and have also been the object of wariness and pity, as either heroes or victims. The government provides them with citizenship and special resettlement funds, but their adaptation to South Korean society is not easy. For fear of discrimination, most of them try to pass as South Koreans and live in largely invisible communities. Some North Korean migrants subsequently re-migrate to other countries in the West as refugees. A few even decide to return to North Korea. This paper investigates how North Korean migrants use transnational strategies to support their transnational families and to move up the social ladder as active subjects, not as passive objects. Due to their unique political characteristics, North Korean migrants actively engage in shadow transnational movements of people, goods, and information across borders. These acts of border crossing are interpreted in this study as "penetrant transnational strategies," actions that penetrate not only the political barriers of two Koreas but also the international borders beyond South Korea, and that will also eventually induce socio-political changes in both sides of the migration. In so doing, they are challenging and transforming the division system of the two Koreas.
URI
http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/80049https://www.jstor.org/stable/24643199?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
ISSN
0894-6019
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF LANGUAGES & CULTURES[E](국제문화대학) > CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY(문화인류학과) > Articles
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