Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, v. 11, NO. 3, Page. 260-263
Anaphylaxis during the perioperative period is rare, but it still causes severe cardiovascular and respiratory collapse that can be fatal.
In particular, when using antibiotics that have a high risk of hypersensitivity reactions, it is important to establish that intradermal skin tests are negative before using antibiotics. We report a case of anaphylactic shock occurring during general anesthesia after using an intradermal skin test-negative antibiotic. Regrettably, negative results of intradermal skin tests before using antibiotics do not completely eliminate the risk of anaphylaxis. Therefore, anesthesiologists should be prepared for anaphylaxis to occur at any point during the perioperative period.