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Uniform ZnO nanorod/Cu2O core-shell structured solar cells by bottom-up RF magnetron sputtering

Title
Uniform ZnO nanorod/Cu2O core-shell structured solar cells by bottom-up RF magnetron sputtering
Author
전형탁
Keywords
ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION; ENERGY CONVERSION; CU2O; PERFORMANCE; SEMICONDUCTOR; PHOTOVOLTAICS; INTERFACE; EFFICIENT; GROWTH; ARRAY
Issue Date
2016-08
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
RSC ADVANCES, v. 6, NO. 86, Page. 82900-82906
Abstract
Cu2O is a good candidate material for use as a p-type absorber in solar cells. Here, uniform ZnO nanorod (NR)-Cu2O core-shell structures are fabricated and their diode performances are studied. ZnO NRs are grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass using a hydrothermal method. Cu2O is then deposited on the ZnO NRs using bottom-up RF magnetron sputtering. The crystal structures of the deposited ZnO NRs and Cu2O are characterized using X-ray diffraction. From secondary electron microscopy analysis, the uniform core-shell structure and its size are identified. UV-vis spectroscopy measurements show that the optical bandgap of the Cu2O in this structure is 2.3 eV. The diode characteristics of the fabricated nanostructures depend on the thickness of Cu2O; 2.7 mu m-thick Cu2O on ZnO NRs shows diode properties. Lastly, we propose a band alignment model based on X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis and demonstrate a possible approach for fabricating CuxO-ZnO nanohybrids for further improvements to device efficiency, highlighting a need for interfacial band offset medication for oxide heterojunction solar cells.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2016/RA/C6RA15120E#!divAbstracthttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/75126
ISSN
2046-2069
DOI
10.1039/c6ra15120e
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING(신소재공학부) > Articles
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