Topical Application of Cudrania tricuspidata Stem Extract Inhibits Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions in an NC/Nga Mouse Model: An Experimental Animal Study

Title
Topical Application of Cudrania tricuspidata Stem Extract Inhibits Atopic Dermatitis-Like Skin Lesions in an NC/Nga Mouse Model: An Experimental Animal Study
Authors
김신희
Keywords
Atopic Dermatitis; Cudrania tricuspidata Stem; Dermatophagoides farina; Immunoglobulin E (IgE); NC/Nga Mouse
Issue Date
2016-07
Publisher
Scientific Research
Citation
Pharmacology & Pharmacy, v.7, no.8, Page. 358-367
Abstract
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by elevated immunoglobulin E (IgE), mast cell infiltration and skin lesions including pruritus, erythema and eczema. Cudrania tricuspidata extracts have been clinically administered for a long time in the East Asia including Korean and China as a home-remedy to diminish the inflammation of gastritis and hepatitis. To examine whether it works on AD or not, an AD-like animal model was experimented in this study. AD was induced by applying Dermatophagoides farinae (D. farinae) extract to the backs of 9-week old NC/Nga mice for 21 days. Following this, an ethanol extract of C. tricuspidata stems (EECT) was applied topically for 14 days to the sensitized skin, while distilled water was used as a control (EECT0 mice). Anti-AD effects of EECT were evaluated using scores for AD-like skin lesions, serum IgE levels and mast cell counts in the skin dermal layers to assess inflammation. Topically applied ethanol extract of Cudrania tricuspidata stems (EECT 7.5, 25 and 75 mg/mL) markedly reduced AD-like skin lesions after 4 days (by 30.1%, 31.4% and 38.5%, respectively) and also after 14 days (by 63.6%, 66.1% and 49.6%, respectively), while distilled water improved AD by 17.8% and 38.7%, respectively (p < 0.05). Serum IgE production was reduced in the EECT7.5, EECT25 and EECT75 groups after 4 days (by 57.6%, 65.9% and 59.3%, respectively) and after 14 days of the treatment (by 82.0%, 79.6% and 75.3%, respectively), while distilled water decreased it by 38.8% and 62.3% (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Mast cell counts increased after sensitization by D. farinae extract (p = 0.003) and EECT attenuated the mast cell overproduction, and reduced mast cell degranulation markedly. Attenuation was most obvious in the early stage of EECT treatment when the AD was most acute.
URI
http://file.scirp.org/Html/8-2500779_70226.htmhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/74349
ISSN
2157-9423; 2157-9431
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/pp.2016.78044
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > ETC
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