의과대학생의 우울 및 불안의 종단적 변화와 예측요인

Title
의과대학생의 우울 및 불안의 종단적 변화와 예측요인
Other Titles
Predictors and Longitudinal Changes of Depression and Anxiety among Medical College Students
Author
김대호
Keywords
의과대학생; 사회적보상; 개성; 상향비교; 정신건강변화; Medical students; Mental health changes; Personality; Social reward value; Upward comparison
Issue Date
2013-06
Publisher
한국의학교육
Citation
한국의학교육학회,vol.25, no.2 [2013],p101-111(11쪽)
Abstract
Purpose: This longitudinal study was designed to examine the change in depression and anxiety and their predictors over 1 year among premedical and medical students. We compared depression and anxiety from 2 waves and determined the predictive power of personality, narcissism, social comparison, and social reward value on them. Methods: Two hundred twenty-six students at a medical school in Seoul were divided into 4 groups according to academic year and completed a questionnaire at the end of 2010 and 2011. The questionnaire included the Zung Depression Scale; Zung Anxiety Scale; scales for social comparison, narcissism, and social reward value; and Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory. Results: Among first- and second-year medical students, depression and anxiety increased significantly over the previous year. However, irrespective of academic year, depression increased significantly after 1 year. Also, social reward value had a moderating effect. Specifically, among students with low social reward value who entered their first year of medical school, the negative impact of the tendency toward depression and anxiety was amplified compared with older students. Conclusion: Because the predictors of mental health differ between groups, each group must receive specific, appropriate education. Also, because social reward value is important moderating factor of mental health, education and intervention programs that focus on social reward value are needed.
URI
http://kjme.kr/journal/view.php?doi=10.3946/kjme.2013.25.2.101http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/73130
ISSN
2005-727X
DOI
10.3946/kjme.2013.25.2.101
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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