Role of porosity and polarity of nanoporous carbon spheres in adsorption applications

Title
Role of porosity and polarity of nanoporous carbon spheres in adsorption applications
Author
유원철
Keywords
METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORK; FIXED-BED ADSORPTION; ACTIVATED CARBON; CO2 ADSORPTION; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; GAS-ADSORPTION; SEPARATION; CH4; NITROGEN; CO2/N-2
Issue Date
2017-10
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
RSC ADVANCES, v. 7, No. 75, Page. 47251-47260
Abstract
The role of porosity (pore size distribution (PSD) and specific surface area (SSA)) and polarity (N-doping) of carbonaceous materials for selective separation of CH4 over N-2 and adsorption of heavy metal ions are presented herein. Two different carbons (resorcinol-formaldehyde carbon (RFC) and highly N-doped melanin carbon (MC)) with different N-doping levels are utilized and further activated by hot CO2 treatment to finely control PSD and SSA. For CH4 adsorption, the accumulated ultramicropore (< 1 nm) volume of both carbons is strongly correlated with CH4 adsorption regardless of surface polarity of carbons (R-2 = 0.94). This is probably due to the high polarizability and nonpolar nature of CH4. Carbons with the highest ultramicropore volumes (RFC_C60 and MC_C55) show ultrahigh CH4 uptake capacities of 2.64 and 2.41 mmol g(-1) at 273 K under 1 bar, respectively; these carbons also have superb CH4 over N-2 selectivity of 6.8 and 7.4 obtained at 298 K, respectively. RFC_C60 and MC_C55 present excellent CH4 adsorption capacities and selectivities for CH4 over N-2, which are comparable with the best values reported from various porous materials. In addition, heavy metal ion (Fe2+, Sb3+, and Sb5+) adsorption was achieved to identify the importance of SSA and the polarity of carbons. The SSA of RFC samples is highly correlated with Fe2+ metal ion adsorption capacity (R-2 = 0.98). Conversely, highly N-doped MC series are located on the upper region of the plotted line of RFC samples due to their basic nature, which is caused by high loading of N-doping within the carbon framework. Furthermore, RFC_C60 and MC_C55 samples with similar porosity but different N-doping levels are utilized for selective adsorption of Sb3+ over Sb5+. The more basic MC_C55 has higher selectivity of 3.3 compared to that of its less basic counterpart (2.0), strongly inferring that carbon polarity is involved in metal ion adsorption. Distinct correlations between carbon porosity and polarity, adsorption capacity for CH4, ultrahigh selectivity for CH4 over N-2, adsorption capacity, and selectivity of metal ions are exclusively elucidated here, providing design principles of nanoporous carbonaceous materials for specific adsorption applications.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2017/ra/c7ra09360hhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/72486
ISSN
2046-2069
DOI
10.1039/c7ra09360h
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY[E](과학기술융합대학) > CHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR ENGINEERING(화학분자공학과) > Articles
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