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Irinotecan-loaded double-reversible thermogel with improved antitumor efficacy without initial burst effect and toxicity for intramuscular administration

Title
Irinotecan-loaded double-reversible thermogel with improved antitumor efficacy without initial burst effect and toxicity for intramuscular administration
Author
최한곤
Keywords
Irinotecan; Double-reversible thermogel; Burst effect; Toxicity; Anti-tumour efficacy
Issue Date
2017-05
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, v. 54, Page. 239-248
Abstract
Intramuscularly administered, anti-tumour drugs induce severe side effects due to their direct contact with body tissues and initial burst effect. In this study, to solve this problem, a novel double-reversible thermogel system (DRTG) for the intramuscular administration of irinotecan was developed. This irinotecan-loaded DRTG was prepared by dispersing the irinotecan-loaded thermoreversible solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) in the thermoreversible hydrogel. In DRTG, the former was solid at 25 degrees C but converted to liquid at 36.5 degrees C; in contrast, the latter existed in a liquid form but transformed to gel state in the body. The DRTG was easily administered intramuscularly. Its particle size and drug content were not noticeably changeable, resulting that it was stable at 40 degrees C for at least 6 months. Compared to the irinotecan-loaded solution and conventional hydrogel, the DRTG significantly delayed drug release, leading to a reduced burst effect. Moreover, it showed decreased C-max and maintained the sustained plasma concentrations at a relatively low level for the long period of 60 h in rats, resulting in ameliorated side effects of the anti-tumour drug. Furthermore, it gave significantly improved anti-tumour efficacy in tumour-bearing mice compared to the hydrogel but, unlike the conventional hydrogel, induced no body weight loss and local damage to the muscle. Thus, this DRTG with improved antitumor efficacy without initial burst effect and toxicity could provide a potential pharmaceutical system for the intramuscular administration of irinotecan. Statement of Significance Intramuscularly administered, anti-tumour drugs induce severe side effects due to their direct contact with body tissues and initial burst effect. To solve this problem, we developed a novel double reversible thermogel system (DRTG) for the intramuscular administration of irinotecan. Unlike the conventional hydrogel, the DRTG is a dispersion of the irinotecan-loaded thermoreversible solid lipid nanoparticles in the thermoreversible hydrogel. In DRTG, the former was solid at 25 degrees C but converted to liquid at 36.5 degrees C; in contrast, the latter existed in a liquid form but transformed to gel state in the body. This DRTG gave significantly improved anti-tumour efficacy in tumour-bearing mice compared to the hydrogel but, unlike the conventional hydrogel, induced no body weight loss and local damage to the muscle. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1742706117301708http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/72089
ISSN
1742-7061; 1878-7568
DOI
10.1016/j.actbio.2017.03.007
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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