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Selenium-binding protein 1: a sensitive urinary biomarker to detect heavy metal-induced nephrotoxicity

Title
Selenium-binding protein 1: a sensitive urinary biomarker to detect heavy metal-induced nephrotoxicity
Author
배옥남
Keywords
Nephrotoxicity; Selenium-binding protein 1; Biomarkers; Mercury chloride; ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY; CADMIUM; MERCURY; RATS; PROTEOMICS; TISSUES; IDENTIFICATION; NEPHROPATHY; GENTAMICIN; METABOLISM
Issue Date
2017-04
Publisher
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Citation
ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY, v. 91, No. 4, Page. 1635-1648
Abstract
Identifying novel biomarkers to detect nephrotoxicity is clinically important. Here, we attempted to identify new biomarkers for mercury-induced nephrotoxicity and compared their sensitivity to that of traditional biomarkers in animal models. Comparative proteomics analysis was performed in kidney tissues of Sprague-Dawley rats after oral treatment with HgCl2 (0.1, 1, or 5 mg/kg/day) for 21 days. Kidney cortex tissues were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis/matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, and differentially expressed proteins were identified. The corresponding spots were quantitated by RT-PCR. Selenium-binding protein 1 (SBP1) was found to be the most markedly upregulated protein in the kidney cortex of rats after HgCl2 administration. However, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and glucose levels increased significantly only in the 1 or 5 mg/kg HgCl2-treated groups. A number of urinary excretion proteins, including kidney injury molecule-1, clusterin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and beta-microglobulin, increased dose-dependently. Histopathological examination revealed severe proximal tubular damage in high-dose (5 mg/kg) HgCl2-exposed groups. In addition, urinary excretion of SBP1 significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. To confirm the critical role of SBP1 as a biomarker for nephrotoxicity, normal kidney proximal tubular cells were treated with HgCl2, CdCl2, or cisplatin for 24 h. SBP1 levels significantly increased in conditioned media exposed to nephrotoxicants, but decreased in cell lysates. Our investigations suggest that SBP1 may play a critical role in the pathological processes underlying chemical-induced nephrotoxicity. Thus, urinary excretion of SBP1 might be a sensitive and specific biomarker to detect early stages of kidney injury.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00204-016-1832-6http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/72019
ISSN
0340-5761; 1432-0738
DOI
10.1007/s00204-016-1832-6
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF PHARMACY[E](약학대학) > PHARMACY(약학과) > Articles
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