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서울시 주거지의 근린환경특성이 개인의 신체활동과 건강수준에 미치는 영향 분석 - 국민건강영양조사 (2007~2012) 자료를 활용한 다수준 분석의 적용 -

Title
서울시 주거지의 근린환경특성이 개인의 신체활동과 건강수준에 미치는 영향 분석 - 국민건강영양조사 (2007~2012) 자료를 활용한 다수준 분석의 적용 -
Other Titles
Analysis of the Impacts of Neighborhood Environment on Physical Activity and Health Status in Seoul, Korea : Application of Multilevel Analysis with the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2012)
Author
이수기
Keywords
근린환경; 신체활동; 건강수준; 보행; 비만; 다수준 분석; Neighborhood Environment; Physical Activity; Health Status; Walking; Obesity; Multilevel Analysis
Issue Date
2016-06
Publisher
대한국토·도시계획학회
Citation
국토계획, v. 51, NO 3, Page. 217-239
Abstract
This study examines the relationships between the neighborhood environment, physical activity, and health status of the 176 neighborhood units of ‘Dong’ in Seoul using the ‘National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’ (2007-2012). The multilevel analysis results indicate that demographic and socioeconomic variables such as a respondent’s age, health condition, education, marital status, and income are very significant variables to explain physical activity and health status. Some neighborhood environment variables such as floor area of commercial use or office use, neighborhood park, and neighborhood school facilities also show significant relationships with low-intensity physical activity time of walking. However, most neighborhood environment variables do not show a significant association with moderate-or high-intensity physical activity time except a few variables. The relationship between built environment and health status indicates that while neighborhood environment variables have no association with quality of life (EQ-VAS), the floor area of multi-family housing, neighborhood park and children’s park shows some associations with overall health status (EQ-5D). In contrast, the floor area of multi-family housing, land use mix, and the length of bike roads are significant variables to explain BMI. Thus, this study shows mixed results on the relationship between the neighborhood environment and physical activity and health status.
URI
http://kpaj.or.kr/_common/do.php?a=full&bidx=535&aidx=6652#cor1http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71686
ISSN
1226-7147; 2383-9171
DOI
10.17208/jkpa.2016.06.51.3.217
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > URBAN PLANNING AND ENGINEERING(도시공학과) > Articles
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