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Terrestrial n-alkanes and their carbon isotope records from the Hanon paleo-maar sediment, Jeju Island, Korea: Implications for paleoclimate and paleovegetation over the last 35 kyrs

Title
Terrestrial n-alkanes and their carbon isotope records from the Hanon paleo-maar sediment, Jeju Island, Korea: Implications for paleoclimate and paleovegetation over the last 35 kyrs
Author
신경훈
Keywords
Paleovegetation; Hanon paleo-maar; n-alkane; Carbon isotope; Paleoclimate; EAST-ASIAN MONSOON; ABRUPT CLIMATE-CHANGE; JAPAN SEA; LATE PLEISTOCENE; ORGANIC MATERIAL; HIGH-RESOLUTION; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; EARLY HOLOCENE; LOESS PLATEAU; CHINESE LOESS
Issue Date
2017-01
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL, v. 441, Page. 89-100
Abstract
The carbon isotope of total carbon (δ13Corg), long-chain n-alkanes, and their compound-specific carbon isotope ratios (δ13CALK) were investigated in the Hanon paleo-maar sediment, Jeju Island of Korea to understand paleoclimate variabilities and their paleovegetation linkages. Based on the organic geochemical data (TOC (%), TN (%), and their δ13Corg and δ15N), the core column stratigraphy was divided into three units, namely from the bottom to 14.5 ka (Unit I), from 14.5 ka to 3.0 ka (Unit II), and from 3.0 ka to the core top (Unit III), respectively. In particular, δ13Corg showed marked fluctuation from −17.31‰ to −28.68‰, suggesting different organic carbon sources. A relatively narrow range of variation in δ13Corg was observed in Unit III, and drastic changes in δ13Corg were observed from Unit I to Unit II. This may indicate a predominance of C4 plants in Unit I, and drastic changes from terrestrial C4 to C3 in Unit II and predominance of C3 plants in Unit III. The distributions of n-alkane were characterized by a continuous predominance of odd-numbered n-alkanes, particularly nC29 and nC31, and by high fluctuation of the total n-alkanes concentration. The average chain length (ACL), carbon preferences index (CPI), and paleo-plant proxy (Paq) showed high fluctuation and glacial-interglacial variations with distinctive a high and low ratio at about 9.2 ka, corresponding to the switching points of δ13Corg and a high concentration of n-alkane distribution. Individual n-alkane odd-numbered isotopes of δ13CALK ranged between −11.80‰ in δ13nC21 and -34.93‰ in δ13nC31, suggesting different sources of n-alkanes. The distribution of n-alkanes and their individual δ13CALK, in particular δ13nC21, support paleovegetation changes, and their time-dependent variations matched well with glacial-interglacial paleoclimate variations. Therefore, organic geochemical proxies recorded in Hanon paleo-maar sediment reflects paleoclimate variabilities as well as paleovegetation changes for the last 35 kyr in Jeju Island, Korea. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618216300349http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71659
ISSN
1040-6182; 1873-4553
DOI
10.1016/j.quaint.2016.08.047
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY[E](과학기술융합대학) > MARINE SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE ENGINEERING(해양융합공학과) > Articles
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