Reaction kinetics and phase transformation during hydrogen reduction of spherical Fe2O3 nanopowder agglomerates

Title
Reaction kinetics and phase transformation during hydrogen reduction of spherical Fe2O3 nanopowder agglomerates
Author
이재성
Keywords
Fe2O3; Nanopowder; Spherical agglomerate; Hydrogen reduction; Reaction kinetics; TEMPERATURE-PROGRAMMED REDUCTION; IRON-OXIDES; ISOCONVERSIONAL METHODS; ACTIVATION-ENERGIES; BEHAVIOR; POWDERS; CONSOLIDATION; PARTICLES; MECHANISM; HEMATITE
Issue Date
2016-11
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
POWDER TECHNOLOGY, v. 302, Page. 215-221
Abstract
The reaction kinetics of spherical Fe2O3 nanopowder agglomerates were investigated as a preliminary study to fabricate structure optimized spherical Fe nanopowder agglomerates for processing PM parts. The apparent activation energy Ea for kinetic analysis was determined from nonisothermal thermogravimetric (TG) measurement using isoconversional Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) method, and the result is discussed in terms of the phase transformation by XRD analysis and microstructural change by BET analysis. The calculated activation energy was in a reasonable range compared to the reported data for the hydrogen reduction of Fe2O3, but it showed three distinct slopes according to the conversion degree of the reaction. The phase analysis revealed that a two-step phase transformation occurred during the reduction process in the sequence of Fe2O3, Fe3O4. and Fe without an intermediate phase FeO. During the reduction process of Fe3O4 to Fe, the reduction rate was retarded by sintering of oxide particles leading to an abrupt increase of activation energy. As the volume fraction of the metallic iron increased through the reduction progress, the reaction accelerated remarkably. This is believed to be attributed to the catalytic role of the reduced Fe particles facilitating reduction of the adjacent oxide particles. These results provide the primary data for understanding the microstructural development of spherical Fe nanopowder agglomerates fabricated by the hydrogen reduction process. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032591016304302http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71297
ISSN
0032-5910; 1873-328X
DOI
10.1016/j.powtec.2016.07.038
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING(재료화학공학과) > Articles
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