Phonetic Encoding of Coda Voicing Contrast under Different Focus Conditions in Li vs. L2 English

Title
Phonetic Encoding of Coda Voicing Contrast under Different Focus Conditions in Li vs. L2 English
Authors
최지연
Keywords
english coda voicing; L2 speech; prominence; focus; prosodic structure; phonetics-prosody interface; Korean learners of English
Issue Date
2016-05
Publisher
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Citation
FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, v. 7, page.1-17
Abstract
This study investigated how coda voicing contrast in English would be phonetically encoded in the temporal vs. spectral dimension of the preceding vowel (in vowel duration vs. F1/F2) by Korean L2 speakers of English, and how their I 2 phonetic encoding pattern would be compared to that of native English speakers. Crucially, these questions were explored by taking into account the phonetics-prosody interface, testing effects of prominence by comparing target segments in three focus conditions (phonological focus, lexical focus, and no focus). Results showed that Korean speakers utilized the temporal dimension (vowel duration) to encode coda voicing contrast, but failed to use the spectral dimension (F1/F2), reflecting their native language experience i.e., with a more sparsely populated vowel space in Korean, they are less sensitive to small changes in the spectral dimension, and hence fine-grained spectral cues in English are not readily accessible. Results also showed that along the temporal dimension, both the L1 and L2 speakers hyperarticulated coda voicing contrast under prominence (when phonologically or lexically focused), but hypoarticulated it in the non-prominent condition. This indicates that low-level phonetic realization and high order information structure interact in a communicatively efficient way, regardless of the speakers' native language background. The Korean speakers, however, used the temporal phonetic space differently from the way the native speakers did, especially showing less reduction in the no focus condition. This was also attributable to their native language experience i.e., the Korean speakers' use of temporal dimension is constrained in a way that is not detrimental to the preservation of coda voicing contrast, given that they failed to add additional cues along the spectral dimension. The results imply that the L2 phonetic system can be more fully illuminated through an investigation of the phonetics-prosody interface in connection with the L2 speakers' native language experience.
URI
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00624/fullhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/71069
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00624
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RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > ETC
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