Dissemination of ceftazidime-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clonal complex 92 in Korea

Title
Dissemination of ceftazidime-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clonal complex 92 in Korea
Author
이양순
Keywords
Acinetobacter-derived cephalosporinase; clonal complex 92; PER-1
Issue Date
2012-06
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2012, 112(6), P.1207-1211(5)
Abstract
Aims: This study was performed to describe the epidemiological traits of ceftazidime-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates from Korea. Methods and Results: Antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined by disk diffusion assay. PCR experiments were performed to detect genes encoding extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and metallo-beta-lactamases. Detection of ISAba1 upstream of the blaADC gene was also performed by PCR amplification. The genetic organization of the blaPER-1 gene was investigated by PCR mapping and sequencing of the regions surrounding the gene. Multilocus sequence typing was performed using seven housekeeping genes. A.similar to baumannii isolates of clonal complex (CC) 92 exhibited a higher resistance rate (286/289, 99%) against ceftazidime compared to A.similar to baumannii isolates of non-CC92 (7/87, 8%). Amongst 286 ceftazidime-resistant isolates of CC92, 100 (35%) isolates carried the blaPER-1 gene, while none of the 87 isolates of non-CC92 carried the gene. The blaADC gene associated with an ISAba1 element was detected in 98% (281/286) of ceftazidime-resistant isolates of CC92 and in all seven ceftazidime-resistant isolates of non-CC92. The blaPER-1 gene was located on a transposon, Tn1213 (ISPa12-blaPER-1-?gst-ISPa13), in 95 isolates and on a complex class 1 integron (orf513-blaPER-1-putative ABC transporter gene) in five isolates. Southern blot experiments confirmed the chromosomal location of the blaPER-1 gene. Conclusions: Acinetobacter baumannii CC92 which has acquired ceftazidime resistance by the production of PER-1 extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and/or the overproduction of Acinetobacter-derived cephalosporinase is widely disseminated in Korea. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study shows the mechanisms of acquiring ceftazidime resistance in A.similar to baumannii and the epidemiological traits of ceftazidime-resistant A.similar to baumannii isolates from Korea.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05283.xhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/67955
ISSN
1364-5072
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05283.x
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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