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Minimum current requirement for confirming the localization of an epiradicular catheter placement

Title
Minimum current requirement for confirming the localization of an epiradicular catheter placement
Author
김동원
Keywords
Epidural; Epidural stimulation; Epiradicular; Threshold current
Issue Date
2012-10
Publisher
The Korean SOC Anesthesiologists
Citation
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, 2012, 63(3), P.238-244(7)
Abstract
Background: Based on the necessity to confirm the epiradicular catheter misplacement, epiradicular threshold current for the confirmation of catheter tip localization is required.Methods: Thirty-four adult patients with low extremity radiating pain were to receive epiradicular catheterization at the lumbosacral level. The epidural space was accessed percutaneously in cranial to caudal direction. A metal coil-reinforced epidural catheter was inserted and advanced caudolaterally toward the target neural foramen until the catheter tip was located below the bisection of pedicle. The electrical stimulation was performed after catheter placement in epidural and epiradicular space. Using the constant current nerve stimulator, the stimulating current was increased from 0 to 5 mA (pulse width of 0.3 ms; frequency of 2 Hz) until adequate motor contraction was evident. The threshold current for motor response with epidural space (EDmA) and epiradicular space (ERmA) placement were recorded upon electrical stimulation. In addition, the threshold charge for motor response with epidural (EDnC) and epiradicular (ERnC) placement were recorded.Results: Of 34 catheters intentionally placed in the epiradicular space, ERmA was 0.53 ± 0.48 mA. The ERnC was significantly lower than EDnC (P < 0.05). The EDmA and ERmA were below 1 mA in 3 patients and above 1 mA in 4 patients, respectively.Conclusions: We conclude that, threshold current for motor response seems to be lower for epiradicular compared with epidural placement, although we were not able to directly investigate the epidural threshold current. The threshold current of epiradicular space overlap that in the epidural space.
URI
https://ekja.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.4097/kjae.2012.63.3.238http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/67835
ISSN
2005-6419
DOI
10.4097/kjae.2012.63.3.238
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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