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A Ge inverse opal with porous walls as an anode for lithium ion batteries

Title
A Ge inverse opal with porous walls as an anode for lithium ion batteries
Author
백운규
Keywords
HIGH-CAPACITY; ELECTRODE MATERIALS; GERMANIUM; CARBON; FABRICATION; SILICON; CONVERSION; NANOWIRES; NANOTUBES; STORAGE
Issue Date
2012-10
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation
ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, OCT 2012, 5(10), p9028-p9033, 6p.
Abstract
Germanium holds great potential as an anode material for lithium ion batteries due to its large theoretical energy density and excellent intrinsic properties related to its kinetics associated with lithium and electrons. However, the problem related to the tremendous volume change of Ge during cycling is the dominant obstacle for its practical use. The previous research has focused on the improvement in mechanics associated with lithium without consideration of the kinetics. In this study, we demonstrate that the configuration engineering of the Ge electrode enables the improvement in kinetics as well as favorable mechanics. Two types of Ge inverse opal structures with porous walls and dense walls were prepared using a confined convective assembly method and by adjusting Ge deposition parameters in a chemical vapor deposition system. The Ge inverse opal electrode with porous walls shows much improved electrochemical performances, especially cycle performance and rate capability, than the electrode with dense walls. These improvements are attributed to a large free surface, which offers a facile strain relaxation pathway and a large lithium flux from the electrolyte to the active material.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/-/content/articlelanding/2012/ee/c2ee22358a/unauth#!divAbstracthttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/67712
ISSN
1754-5692
DOI
10.1039/C2EE22358A
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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