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Perceived Fairness of Performance Appraisals in the Federal Government: Does It Matter?

Title
Perceived Fairness of Performance Appraisals in the Federal Government: Does It Matter?
Author
김석은
Keywords
performance appraisal; perceived fairness; intrinsic motivation; organizational justice
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
UNIV S CAROLINA INST OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Citation
Review of public personnel administration, 2011, 31(4), P.329-348
Abstract
Studies suggest that the success of the performance appraisal system may depend on how to manage employees’ perceptions of its fairness, not the system per se. Using the 2005 Merit Principles Survey, this study tests the efficacy of perceived fairness of performance appraisals as a key determinant of intrinsic motivation. The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to identify factors of perceived fairness of performance appraisal and (b) to assess the differential impact of each factor of perceived fairness of performance appraisal on intrinsic motivation. An exploratory factor analysis generated three separate but interrelated notions of perceived fairness variables: distributive, procedural, and interactional fairness. Using these three perceived fairness variables, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed. The results showed that although all three perceived fairness variables positively associated with intrinsic motivation, they accounted for only 5% of variance in prediction. When control variables were added, only perceived procedural fairness appeared to positively affect intrinsic motivation. The results raise the question of the role of performance appraisals as a motivational tool for performance improvement. Nonetheless, managing perceived procedural fairness may still be a useful lever for enhancing intrinsic motivation.
URI
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0734371X11428903http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/66045
ISSN
0734-371X
DOI
10.1177/0734371X11428903
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION(행정학과) > Articles
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