Sensitive naked-eye detection of gaseous ammonia based on dye-impregnated nanoporous polyacrylonitrile mats

Title
Sensitive naked-eye detection of gaseous ammonia based on dye-impregnated nanoporous polyacrylonitrile mats
Author
김용신
Keywords
Colorimetric sensor; Ammonia gas sensor; Nanofiber mat; BCG dye
Issue Date
2016-07
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, v. 230, No. 1, Page. 250-259
Abstract
Herein, highly sensitive colorimetric detection of gaseous ammonia is reported based on bromocresol green-impregnated polyacrylonitrile (BCG-PAN) nanofibers. The sensing layer with a porous nanofibrous structure was prepared simply by drop-casting a BCG solution containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) and oxalic acid on an electrospun PAN mat. The nanofiber mat exhibited durable structural stability under various conditions of acid, base, acetone and hot water. A smooth nanoporous structure of the sensor provided better color uniformity with a brighter reflectance than the porous paper, thus providing an ideal medium for high-quality colorimetric detection. Upon exposure to 25 ppm ammonia, the yellow BCG-PAN mat quickly changed and became saturated to blue within 1 min. The sensor was confirmed to have a detection limit of less than 1 ppm in the detection by the naked eyes, good selectivity to common volatile organic solvents and reversible color change behavior at ambient conditions. These results straightforwardly demonstrate that sensitive and reversible NH3 detection is possible simply by observing the sensor color without the help of any detecting instruments. The addition of water-soluble PEG into a BCG solution was found to enhance sensor response probably due to its strong hydrophilicity, while the oxalic acid prevented BCG dye from deprotonating by the ambient humidity. Based on the change in reflection spectrum and a great response to amine compounds, the colorimetric detection mechanism was proposed to be the transform of BCG acid form to the base counterpart through the acid-base reaction with basic analytes dissolved into the water-containing nanofiber matrix. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400516302088http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/65629
ISSN
0925-4005
DOI
10.1016/j.snb.2016.02.058
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND CONVERGENCE TECHNOLOGY[E](과학기술융합대학) > CHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR ENGINEERING(화학분자공학과) > Articles
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