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GDI/PFI 자동차 입자상 물질의 화학적 배출 특성 비교 분석

Title
GDI/PFI 자동차 입자상 물질의 화학적 배출 특성 비교 분석
Other Titles
Chemical characterization of aerosol emissions from a gasoline direct injected (GDI) and a Port Fuel Injected (PFI) vehicles using High Resolution Time of Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS)
Author
박성욱
Keywords
Aerosol; Emission; GDI; PFI; HR-ToF-AMS
Issue Date
2014-09
Publisher
한국액체미립화학회
Citation
한국액체미립화학회 학술발표논문집, 2014, 2014(0), P.30-30
Abstract
Particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere has wide-ranging health, environmental, and climate effects, many of which are attributed to fine-mode secondary organic aerosols. PM concentrations are significantly enhanced by primary particle emissions from traffic sources. Recently, in order to reduce CO2 and increase fuel economy, gasoline direct injected (GDI) engine technology is increasingly used in vehicle manufactures. The popularization of GDI technique has resulted in increasing of concerns on environmental protection. In order to better understand variations in chemical composition of particulate matter from emissions of GDI vehicle versus a Port Fuel Injected (PFI) vehicle, a high time resolution chemical composition measurement of PM emissions from GDI and PFI vehicles was conducted at facility of Transport Pollution Research Center (TPRC), National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER), Korea. Continuous measurements of inorganic and organic species in PM emissions were measured using an Aerodyne high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS). The HR-ToF-AMS provides insight into non-refractory PM composition, including concentrations of nitrate, sulfate, hydrocarbon-like and oxygenated organic aerosol, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), with 20 sec time resolution. Many cases of PM emissions during the study were dominated by carbonaceous and sulfate aerosol. An overview of observed PM characteristics will be provided along with an analysis of comparison of GDI vehicle versus PFI vehicle in PM concentration and chemical composition.
URI
http://kiss.kstudy.com/thesis/thesis-view.asp?key=3276248http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/57455
ISSN
1226-2277
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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