Modeling of biodiesel combustion on compression ignition engine was conducted by using the KIVA3v-Release 2 code coupled with Chemkin chemistry solver2. In order to calculate the chemical kinetics of combustion of biodiesel, a reduced mechanism of methyl decanoate and methyl 9-decanoate was used. It is composed of 123 species and 394 reactions. Also, the experiments were performed on a single-cylinder engine. The simulation results agreed well with experiments results. And soot concentrations of biodiesel were lower than those of diesel.