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The Early Activation of PI3K Strongly Enhances the Resistance of Cortical Neurons to Hypoxic Injury via the Activation of Downstream Targets of the PI3K Pathway and the Normalization of the Levels of PARP Activity, ATP, and NAD(+)

Title
The Early Activation of PI3K Strongly Enhances the Resistance of Cortical Neurons to Hypoxic Injury via the Activation of Downstream Targets of the PI3K Pathway and the Normalization of the Levels of PARP Activity, ATP, and NAD(+)
Author
고성호
Keywords
Hypoxia; Neuron; Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; Akt; Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
Issue Date
2013-03
Publisher
Humana Press Inc.
Citation
Molecular Neurobiology, 2013, 47(2), P.757-769,13P.
Abstract
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) plays several important roles in neuronal survival. Activation of the pathway is essential for the neuroprotective mechanisms of materials that shield neuronal cells from many stressful conditions. However, there have been no reports to date about the effect of the direct activation of the pathway in hypoxic injury of neuronal cells. We investigated whether the direct activation of the PI3K pathway inhibits neuronal cell death induced by hypoxia. Primary cultured cortical neurons (PCCNs) were exposed to hypoxic conditions (less than 1 mol% O-2) and/or treated with PI3K activator. Hypoxia reduced the viability of PCCNs in a time-dependent manner, but treatment with PI3K significantly restored viability in a concentration-dependent manner. Among the signaling proteins involved in the PI3K pathway, those associated with survival, including Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta, were decreased shortly after exposure to hypoxia and those associated with cell death, including BAX, apoptosis-induced factor, cytochrome c, caspase-9, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), were increased. However, treatment with PI3K activator normalized the expression levels of those signaling proteins. PARP activity and levels of ATP and NAD(+) altered by hypoxia were also normalized with direct PI3K activation. All these findings suggest that direct and early activation is important for protecting neuronal cells from hypoxic injury.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12035-012-8382-6http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/54548
ISSN
0893-7648
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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