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Acid-base interaction between carbon black and polyurethane molecules with different amine values: Dispersion stability of carbon black suspension for use in lithium ion battery cathodes

Title
Acid-base interaction between carbon black and polyurethane molecules with different amine values: Dispersion stability of carbon black suspension for use in lithium ion battery cathodes
Author
백운규
Keywords
Polyurethane-based dispersant; Carbon black (CB); Dispersion stability; Acid/base interaction; Lithium ion battery
Issue Date
2013-11
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Citation
ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, 2013-11, 111권, p. 946-951
Abstract
The dispersion properties of carbon black (CB) slurries as well as the accompanying electrochemical properties of Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O-2 (NCM) electrodes were investigated by controlling the amine value of polyurethane-based dispersants. The increase in amine value of dispersants leads to an increase in adsorption level on CB surface due to a strong acid/base interaction between dispersants and CB particles, providing the improvement of steric repulsion between particles at the solid-liquid interface. This results in the enhancement of the dispersion stability of CB and the related microstructure of the electrodes. Electrochemical experiments indicated that the rate capabilities and cycle performance of the electrodes are in good agreement with dispersion properties of CB slurries. However, it was found that the excessive addition of the dispersant was deleterious to electrochemical properties because the non-adsorbed dispersants act as an electronic conduction barrier between solid phases. Therefore, it is suggested that the amine value of dispersant and tailored amount of dispersant addition can be key roles for obtaining the optimized dispersion stability of CB and the corresponding excellent electrochemical properties of the cathode. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468613014655http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/53694
ISSN
0013-4686; 1873-3859
DOI
10.1016/j.electacta.2013.07.181
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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