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The analysis of PM2.5 and associated elements and their indoor/outdoor pollution status in an urban area

Title
The analysis of PM2.5 and associated elements and their indoor/outdoor pollution status in an urban area
Other Titles
outdoor pollution status in an urban area
Author
김기현
Keywords
PM2; 5; Metals; Indoor and outdoor; Principal component analysis; Infiltration factor
Issue Date
2011-04
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Citation
Indoor Air, 2011, 21(2), P.145-155
Abstract
Abstract In this study, elemental composition of PM2.5 and the status of indoor/outdoor pollution were investigated in a commercial building near a roadside area in Daejeon, Korea. A total of 60 parallel PM2.5 samples were collected both on the roof (outdoor) and in an indoor office of a building near a highly congested road during the spring and fall of 2008. The concentrations of 23 elements were analysed from these PM2.5 samples using instrumental neutron activation analysis. PM2.5 levels in indoor environment (47.6?±?16.5?μg/m 3 ) were noticeably higher than the outdoor levels (37.7?±?17.2?μg/m 3 ) with the I/O concentration ratio of 1.37?±?0.33 [correlation coefficient ( r )?=?0.89, P? ? 0.001]. Principal component analysis results coincidently showed the predominance of sources such as soil dust, traffic, oil/coal combustion and road dust for both indoor and outdoor microenvironments. An isolated source in the indoor environment was assigned to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) with high factor loading of Ce, Cl, I, K, La and Zn. The overall results of our study indicate that the sources of indoor constituents were strongly dependent on outdoor processes except for the ones affected by independent sources such as ETS. Practical Implications An improved understanding of the factors affecting the indoor PM2.5 concentration levels can lead to the development of an efficient management strategy to control health risks from exposure to indoor PM2.5 and related toxic components. A comparison of our comprehensive data sets indicated that most indoor PM2.5 and associated elemental species were strongly enriched by indoor source activities along with infiltration of ambient outdoor air for a naturally ventilated building.
URI
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1600-0668.2010.00691.xhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/52995
ISSN
0905-6947
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0668.2010.00691.x
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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