Chest injury following cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A prospective computed tomography evaluation

Title
Chest injury following cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A prospective computed tomography evaluation
Author
임태호
Keywords
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Computed tomography; Fracture
Issue Date
2013-03
Publisher
Elsevier Science LTD
Citation
Resuscitation, 2013, 84(3), P.361-364
Abstract
Introduction: Traumatic chest injuries may occur following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to address the frequency of injuries, especially rib and sternal fractures, and also to identify factors that contribute to post-CPR trauma.Methods: This study was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency departments (ED) of eight academic tertiary care centers. To evaluate injuries secondary to CPR, we performed chest computed tomography (CT) in patients who were successfully resuscitated from cardiac arrest. Contributing factors that might be related to injuries were also investigated.Results: We enrolled 71 patients between 1 January 2011 and 30 June 2011. Rib and sternal fractures were diagnosed in 22 and 3 patients, respectively. Females were more susceptible to rib fracture (p = 0.036). When non-physicians participated as chest compressors in the ED, more ribs were fractured (p = 0.048). The duration of CPR and number of compressors were not contributing factors to trauma secondary to CPR. There was a wide variation in the frequency of rib fractures from hospital to hospital (0-83.3%). In high-risk hospitals (in which more than 50% of patients had rib fractures), the average age of the patients was higher, and non-physicians took part in ED CPR more often than they did at low-risk hospitals.Conclusion: The incidence of rib fracture following CPR was different in various hospitals. The presence of non-physician chest compressors in the ED was one of the contributing factors to rib fracture. Further studies on the influence of resuscitators and relation between quality of chest compression and CPR-induced injuries are warranted to reduce complications following CPR. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.resuscitationjournal.com/article/S0300-9572(12)00368-1/pdfhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/52026
ISSN
0300-9572
DOI
10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.07.011
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > ETC
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