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Neuroprotective effects of amlodipine besylate and benidipine hydrochloride on oxidative stress-injured neural stem cells

Title
Neuroprotective effects of amlodipine besylate and benidipine hydrochloride on oxidative stress-injured neural stem cells
Author
이규용
Keywords
Amlodipine besylate; Benidipine hydrochloride; Neural Stem Cell; Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
Issue Date
2014-03
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.
Citation
Brain research,v.1551 2014년, pp.1 - 12
Abstract
Hypertension is associated with oxidative stress. Amlodipine besylate (AB) and benidipine hydrochloride (BH), which are Ca2(+) antagonists, have been reported to reduce oxidative stress. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effects of AB and BH on oxidative stress-injured neural stem cells (NSCs), with a focus on the phosphatidylinositol 3-Idnase (PI3K) pathway and the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. After treatment with H2O2, the viability of NSCs decreased in a concentration-dependent manner; however, co-treatment with AB or BH restored the viability of H2O2-injured NSCs. H2O2 increased free radical production and apoptosis in NSCs, whereas co-treatment with AB or BH attenuated these effects. To evaluate the effects of AB or BH on the H2O2-inhibited proliferation of NSCs, we performed BrdU labeling and colony formation assays and found that NSC proliferation decreased upon H2O2 treatment but that combined treatment with AB or BH restored this proliferation. Western blot analysis showed that AB and BH increased the expression of cell survival-related proteins that were linked with the PI3K and ERIC pathways but decreased the expression of cell death-related proteins. To investigate whether the PI3K and ERIC pathways were directly involved in the neuroprotective effects of AB and BH on H2O2-treated NSCs, NSCs were pretreated with the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, or the ERK inhibitor, FR180204, which significantly blocked the effects of AB and BH. Together, our results suggest that AB and BH restore the H202-inhibited viability and proliferation of NSCs by inhibiting oxidative stress and by activating the PI3K and ERK pathways. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899314000699?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/51308
ISSN
0006-8993; 1872-6240
DOI
10.1016/j.brainres.2014.01.016
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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