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Performance Ratings and Career Advancement in the US Federal Civil Service

Title
Performance Ratings and Career Advancement in the US Federal Civil Service
Author
오성수
Keywords
Performance appraisals; pay for performance; salary increase; promotion; federal civil service
Issue Date
2013-08
Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Citation
Public Management Review, Jun 2013, 15(5), P.740-761
Abstract
A strong link between performance and rewards in the U.S. federal civil service could raise top performers to positions of power and responsibility and motivate employees to greater productivity. Federal employees, the general population and scholars all express doubts about the strength of that link, however, though few have estimated it empirically. Using random-effects panel data models on a one per cent sample of federal personnel records for 1988?2003, we examine whether performance ratings meaningfully influence promotion probabilities and annual salary increases. With an average annual promotion rate of 17.8 per cent over this period, we estimate that employees with ‘outstanding’ and ‘less than fully successful’ ratings were one-fourth more likely and one-fifth less likely, respectively, to receive promotions than those with ‘fully successful’ ratings. Average salary impacts were smaller but still significant. Patterns held up across agencies and stages of the federal careers. Performance ratings continued to affect career advancement one or two years later. We speculate on whether these links are strong enough to motivate performance and advance the most qualified federal employees.
URI
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14719037.2012.725756http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/50206
ISSN
1471-9037
DOI
10.1080/14719037.2012.725756
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION(행정학과) > Articles
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