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Objective and Subjective Socioeconomic Position and Current Smoking Among Korean Adolescents

Title
Objective and Subjective Socioeconomic Position and Current Smoking Among Korean Adolescents
Author
이은영
Keywords
Perceived socioeconomic position-smoking-adolescents-family affluence scale; FAMILY AFFLUENCE SCALE; SOCIAL-STATUS; HEALTH INEQUALITIES; BEHAVIOR; CHILDREN; PREVALENCE; CESSATION; INDIA
Issue Date
2014-11
Publisher
ASIAN PACIFIC ORGANIZATION CANCER PREVENTION, APJCP HEAD OFFICE, KOREAN NATL CANCER CENTER, 323 ILAN -RO, ILSANDONG-GU, GOYANG-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, 410-769, SOUTH KOREA
Citation
ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION,15권,20호,8877-8881
Abstract
Background: Despite social gradients in adult smoking, the effects of socioeconomic position (SEP) on adolescent smoking is not well understood. This study examined effects of subjective SEP as well as the objective SEP on smoking among Korean adolescents. Materials and Methods: Data were obtained from the 2012 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, a nationally representative sample of middle and high school students (38,221 boys; 35,965 girls). SEP was assessed by the Family Affluence Scale (FAS) and the self-rated household economic status. Relationships between SEP and smoking were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: The low perceived SEP for either the high or low FAS grade was related to an elevated likelihood of smoking in both genders. A significantly higher risk of smoking was found in boys of low perceived SEP in middle school (odds ratio [OR] 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28-1.77 for high FAS, OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.21-1.98 for low FAS), and of low perceived SEP and high FAS in high school (OR 1.13; 95% CI 1.02-1.26). Among girls, an elevated risk of smoking was observed in middle school group with low perceived SEP and low FAS (OR 2.01; 95% CI 1.44-2.79) and in the high school group of low perceived SEP, regardless of FAS level (OR 1.34; 95% CI 1.14-1.57 for high FAS, OR 1.31; 95% CI 1.04-1.65 for low FAS). Conclusions: The relationship of subjectively perceived SEP with smoking is as important as objective SEP and more significant in Korean high school adolescents.
URI
http://koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=POCPA9_2014_v15n20_8877http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/48985
ISSN
1513-7368
DOI
10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8877
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND SOCIETY(건강과 사회 연구소) > Articles
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