Comparison Between an Automated Device and a Manual Mercury Sphygmomanometer in an Epidemiological Survey of Hypertension Prevalence

Title
Comparison Between an Automated Device and a Manual Mercury Sphygmomanometer in an Epidemiological Survey of Hypertension Prevalence
Author
신진호
Keywords
blood pressure; diagnostic errors; epidemiological factors; hypertension; oscillometry
Issue Date
2014-04
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation
American Journal of Hypertension, 2014, 27(4), P.537-545
Abstract
BACKGROUND Automated devices (AD) for measuring blood pressure (BP) are gradually replacing mercury sphygmomanometers (MM) in clinical settings. However, the use of ADs in epidemiological surveys has not been established. We investigated the factors associated with measurement differences when using an MM and an AD. METHODS Two trained observers took three BP measurements in 454 subjects as part of an epidemiological survey, alternately using an MM and an AD. BP measurement difference was defined as BPMM - BPAD. Alarm reactions (ARs) were calculated by subtracting the third systolic BP (SBP) measurement from the first SBP. RESULTS The mean age of subjects was 50.7 +/- 15.4 years (n = 454). The mean BPs using the MM and the AD were 119.8 +/- 13.9 vs. 119.5 +/- 13.6 mm Hg in males and 115.0 +/- 16.8 vs. 111.6 +/- 15.7 mm Hg in females for SBP and 77.7 +/- 10.4 vs. 74.7 +/- 10.4 mm Hg in males and 73.2 +/- 9.3 vs. 69.9 +/- 10.3 mm Hg in females for diastolic BP (DBP). Age, gender, arm circumference, and AR were the factors related to the difference. The concordance correlation coefficients for SBP and DBP were 0.8914 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.8727-0.9102) and 0.8207 (95% CI, 0.7920-0.8494). The kappa values for the diagnosis of hypertension and Joint National Committee 7 BP classification were 0.6538 (0.5436-0.7641) and 0.5703 (0.5055-0.6351), respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity for hypertension was 59.0%. CONCLUSIONS Age, gender, arm circumference, and AR were the factors related to the differences. Despite small differences in the mean values, the agreement and reliability were not good enough to recommend the A&D UA-767PC for adoption in epidemiological surveys of hypertension prevalence.
URI
http://academic.oup.com/ajh/article/27/4/537/2743162http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/48087
ISSN
0895-7061; 1941-7225
DOI
10.1093/ajh/hpt100
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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