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Compensation for Occupational Neurological and Mental Disorders

Title
Compensation for Occupational Neurological and Mental Disorders
Author
김인아
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, v. 29, Page. 59-65
Abstract
Standards for the recognition of occupational diseases (ODs) in Korea were established in 1954 and have been amended several times. In 2013, there was a significant change in these standards. On the basis of scientific evidence and causality, the International Labour Organization list, European Commission schedule, and compensated cases in Korea were reviewed to revise the previous standards for the recognition of ODs in Korea. A disease-based approach using the International Classification of Diseases (10th version) was added on the previous standards, which were agent-specific approaches. The amended compensable occupational neurological disorders and occupational mental disorders (OMDs) in Korea are acute and chronic central nervous system (CNS) disorders, toxic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, manganese-related disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Several agents including trichloroethylene (TCE), benzene, vinyl chloride, organotin, methyl bromide, and carbon monoxide (CO) were newly included as acute CNS disorders. TCE, lead, and mercury were newly included as chronic CNS disorders. Mercury, TCE, methyl n-butyl ketone, acrylamide, and arsenic were newly included in peripheral neuropathy. Post-traumatic stress disorders were newly included as the first OMD. This amendment makes the standard more comprehensive and practical. However, this amendment does not perfectly reflect the recent scientific progress and social concerns. Ongoing effort, research, and expert consensus are needed to improve the standard.
URI
https://www.synapse.koreamed.org/search.php?where=aview&id=10.3346/jkms.2014.29.S.S59&code=0063JKMS&vmode=FULL
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2014.29.S.S59
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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