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Synthesis and Search for Design Principles of New Electron Accepting Polymers for All-Polymer Solar Cells

Title
Synthesis and Search for Design Principles of New Electron Accepting Polymers for All-Polymer Solar Cells
Author
장재영
Issue Date
2014-06
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Citation
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 권: 26, 호: 11, 페이지: 3450-3459
Abstract
New electron withdrawing monomers, thieno-[2',3':5',6']pyrido[3,4-g] thieno [3,2-c] isoquinoline-5,11(4H,10H)-dione (TPTI) and fluorenedicyclopentathiophene dimalononitrile (CN), have been developed and used to form 12 alternating polymers having different monomer combinations: (a) weak donating monomer-strong accepting monomer, (b) weak accepting monomer-strong accepting monomer, (c) weak accepting monomer-weak accepting monomer, and (d) strong donating monomer-strong accepting monomer. It was found that lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy levels of polymers are significantly determined by stronger electron accepting monomers and highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy levels by the weak electron accepting monomers. In addition, fluorescent quantum yields of the TPTI-based polymers in chloroform solution are significantly decreased as the LUMO energy levels of the TPTI series of polymers become deeper. The quantum yield was found to be closely related with the photovoltaic properties, which reflects the effect of internal polarization on the photovoltaic properties. Only the electron accepting polymers showing SCLC mobility higher than 10(-4) cm(2)/(Vs) exhibited photovoltaic performance in blend films with a donor polymer, and the PTB7:PNPDI (1:1.8 w/w) device exhibited the highest power conversion efficiency of 1.03% (V-oc = 0.69 V, J(cc) = -4.13 mA/cm(2), FF = 0.36) under AM 1.5G condition, 100 W/cm(2). We provide a large set of systematic structure-property relationships, which gives new perspectives for the design of electron accepting materials.
URI
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm500832hhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/47430
ISSN
0897-4756; 1520-5002
DOI
10.1021/cm500832h
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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