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Associations between intakes of individual nutrients or whole food groups and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among Korean adults

Title
Associations between intakes of individual nutrients or whole food groups and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among Korean adults
Author
전대원
Keywords
NAFLD; nuts and seeds; vegetables; vitamin
Issue Date
2014-05
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Citation
JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, 권: 29, 호: 6, 페이지: 1265-1272
Abstract
Background and AimDietary factors are closely associated with the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Asian and Western diets differ in energy-nutrient composition, fatty-acid composition, and main nutritional sources; therefore, the implications would be limited if the Western-oriented study results were applied to Asian patients. We aimed to identify the nutrient and food group intakes of a typical Asian diet and assess their effects on NAFLD risk. MethodsIn total, 348 subjects were recruited from 5 participating hospitals. Information on sociodemographic characteristics and health-related behaviors were obtained through face-to-face interviews. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasound. Dietary intakes were assessed with a 24-h recall applying a multiple-pass approach and 4-day food records that included 1 or 2 weekend days. ResultsThere were no significant differences in health-related behaviors between the cases and controls except for smoking behavior. The cases had elevated triacylglycerol, fasting glucose, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels compared with the controls. In men, after adjusting for variables, low intakes of vitamin C (odds ratio [OR], 4.23), vitamin K (OR, 3.93), folate (OR, 3.37), omega-3 fatty acids (OR, 2.16), and nuts and seeds (OR, 3.66) were associated with a significantly higher risk for developing NAFLD. In women, vitamin K (OR, 2.54) and vegetable (OR, 4.11) intakes showed a significant beneficial effect for lowering NAFLD risk. ConclusionsAdequate intakes of vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, omega-3 fatty acids, nuts and seeds, and vegetables may help in preventing NAFLD in Korean adults.
URI
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jgh.12520/abstracthttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/47116
ISSN
0815-9319; 1440-1746
DOI
10.1111/jgh.12520
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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