환경영향평가Journal of environmental impact assessment, v.23, no.3, pp.227 - 235
Interest has been growing worldwide in unconventional natural gas that has become anincreasingly important source of energy in the world. Unconventional gas development, includingshale gas, generally involves a larger environmental impact, compared to conventional gasdevelopment, due to its intensity and scale of the operation. There are a growing number of studieson identifying and minimizing the environmental impacts of unconventional gas development. This study aims to examines the current environmental policies and regulatory systems relatedto the unconventional gas development. The study shows that few environmental regulation existsconcerning unconventional gas development, even in the USA where unconventional gasdevelopment is most actively pursued. Regulations, however, are being developed based onstudies currently underway on health and environmental risks of unconventional gas developmentand on guidelines designed to reduce the risks. In a world where environmental regulations are ever strengthening, review the environmentalregulatory systems and guidelines about unconventional gas need to be established for Koreanfirms to understand environmental impacts of unconventional gas development they invest ortake part in, enabling them to manage and operate gas activities in a way that minimizesenvironmental damages.