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부모 학력에 따른 학업성취도 격차의 국제비교

Title
부모 학력에 따른 학업성취도 격차의 국제비교
Other Titles
Parents Education and Students` Academic Performance: A Comparison of OECD Countries
Author
전영준
Keywords
학력격차; PISA; 세대 간 소득 이전
Issue Date
2014-05
Publisher
한국재정학회
Citation
재정학연구, 2014, 7(2), p.27-57
Abstract
이 논문은 PISA 자료에서 나타난 부모들의 학력 자료를 이용하여 부모 학력에 따른 자녀들의 성취도 격차의 국가별 차이를 검토한다. 국제비교를 통해 우리나라는 부모 학력에 따른 학업 성취도 차이가 적은 나라라는 사실이 발견된다. 이는 대졸 아버지의 자녀들과 고졸 아버지 자녀들간 격차를 통해서도 확인되며 고졸 어머니의 자녀들과 초등학교 졸업 어머니 자녀들 간 격차를 통해서도 발견된다. 하지만 학력 격차를 줄이는 요인이 무엇인지는 여전히 뚜렷이 나타나지 않고 있다. 횡단면 분석에서는 소득수준이 높고, 교사-학생비율이 낮은 나라들이 부모 학력에 따른 학력격차가 작은 것으로 나타나지만 패널 분석에서는 소득수준, 전반적인 교육수준, 교사-학생 비율, 교사에 대한 보수 등 관측 가능한 요인들이 저학력 부모를 가진 학생들의 학력을 높이거나 부모 학력에 따른 학력 격차를 줄인다는 증거는 발견되지않았다.This paper examines the score gaps in PISA among students with different family background from the international view point. Parents' education level affects students' performances in every OECD counttγ, but the extents are different for different countries. Compared to other participating countries, Korea has shown relatively small performance gaps among students with different parents' educational attainment. This holds for the score gaps between students with high school graduated fathers and those with college-graduated fathers, as well as between those with elementary school graduated mothers and those with high school graduated mothers. We try to identify factors reducing score gaps of students with different background from panel regressions of OECD countries. It is found that, at the national level, such observable factors as the high per pupil expenditure level, the smaller class-size, and the high teacher compensation does not raise the performances of students whose parents have low educational attainment. Nor these variables are positively correlated with smaller score gaps among students with different family background. These results suggest that most countries have not found effective ways to raise the performance of students from adverse family background and that simple input-based policies will not be enough to enhance the equality in the academic performances.
URI
http://www.ndsl.kr/ndsl/search/detail/article/articleSearchResultDetail.do?cn=ART001879936http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/46097
ISSN
1976-8362
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE[S](경제금융대학) > ECONOMICS & FINANCE(경제금융학부) > Articles
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