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Evidence of Jacobs's street life in the great Seoul city: Identifying the association of physical environment with walking activity on streets

Title
Evidence of Jacobs's street life in the great Seoul city: Identifying the association of physical environment with walking activity on streets
Author
최창규
Keywords
Jane Jacobs; Street life; Walking activity; Urban vitality; Physical diversity
Issue Date
2013-12
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V
Citation
Cities December, Vol.35, No.- [2013], p164-173
Abstract
The observation of Jane Jacobs (1961) that the vitality of a big city is the result of its physical diversity influenced the birth of new urbanism and similar planning techniques such as neo-traditional neighborhood development and transit-oriented development. But even after half a century, her claim has not been empirically verified. This study is conducted to investigate the association of a diverse physical environment with street life - namely walking activity - in the great Seoul city.The walking activity data for the survey locations of a total of 9571 streets are analyzed using multiple linear regression models. Analysis results demonstrate that the physical-environment measures emphasized by Jacobs act as factors increasing the vitality of the city in general. Some of them, however, show conflicting relationships between weekdays and weekends. The study not only empirically verifies that her observation of street life in New York City and other big cities in the United States in the mid-20th century is still applicable to Seoul in South Korea in the 21st century, but also that the physical-environment management to either maintain or restore the vitality of a big city needs to be more carefully designed. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264275113001066?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/45054
ISSN
0264-2751
DOI
10.1016/j.cities.2013.07.010
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > URBAN PLANNING AND ENGINEERING(도시공학과) > Articles
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