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Quantum Dot Based Heterostructures for Unassisted Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Generation

Title
Quantum Dot Based Heterostructures for Unassisted Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Generation
Author
백운규
Keywords
hybrid materials; photocatalysis; photoelectrochemistry; quantum dots; titanium dioxide
Issue Date
2013-02
Publisher
Wiley
Citation
Advanced energy materials, 3, 2, 176 - 182
Abstract
TiO2 hollow nanowires (HNWs) and nanoparticles (NPs) constitute promising architectures for QDs sensitized photoanodes for H2 generation. We sensitize these structures with CdS/CdSe quantum dots by two different methods (chemical bath deposition, CBD and succesive ionic layer adsorption and reaction, SILAR) and evaluate the performance of these photoelectrodes. Remarkable photocurrents of 4 mA center dot cm and 8 mA center dot cm2 and hydrogen generation rates of 40 ml center dot cm2 center dot day1 and 80 ml center dot cm2 center dot day1 have been obtained in a three electrode configuration with sacrificial hole scavengers (Na2S and Na2SO3), for HNWs and NPs respectively, which is confirmed through gas analysis. More importantly, autonomous generation of H2 (20 ml center dot cm2 center dot day1 corresponding to 2 mA center dot cm2 photocurrent) is obtained in a two electrode configuration at short circuit under 100 mW center dot cm2 illumination, clearly showing that these photoanodes can produce hydrogen without the assistance of any external bias. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the highest unbiased solar H2 generation rate reported for these of QDs based heterostructures. Impedance spectroscopy measurements show similar electron density of trap states below the TiO2 conduction band while the recombination resistance was higher for HNWs, consistently with the much lower surface area compared to NPs. However, the conductivity of both structures is similar, in spite of the one dimensional character of HNWs, which leaves some room for improvement of these nanowired structures. The effect of the QDs deposition method is also evaluated. Both structures show remarkable stability without any appreciable photocurrent loss after 0.5 hour of operation. The findings of this study constitute a relevant step towards the feasibility of hydrogen generation with wide bandgap semiconductors/quantum dots based heterostructures.
URI
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aenm.201200255/abstract;jsessionid=2DE074F591319589638BE07E12CB484B.f01t01http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/44814
ISSN
1614-6832
DOI
10.1002/aenm.201200255
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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