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Bi-functional CexZr1-xO2 semiconductor nanoparticles with UV light switch

Title
Bi-functional CexZr1-xO2 semiconductor nanoparticles with UV light switch
Author
Wolfgang M. Sigmund
Keywords
Ceria Zirconia solid solution; Nanoparticles; Photocatalysis; Free radical scavenger; Bi-functionality; Light switch
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
Elsevier Science SA
Citation
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Aug 2013, 266(15), P.55-63
Abstract
A series of CexZr1-xO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by reverse micelle method that acted bi-functionally as either photocatalysts or free radical scavengers. The switch was realized by illumination with light at different wavelengths. Dye degradation method was used to evaluate their photocatalytic activity compared to Aeroxide (R) TiO2 P25. The free radical scavenging capability was examined by photocatalysis of mixed particles. Our results demonstrated their ability to effectively remove free radicals created by the best photocatalysts in the UV-B region. When the excitation wavelength decreased to 302 nm CexZr1-xO2 nanoparticles acted as photocatalysts. This opens possible applications such as selectively killing of the disease cells with bi-functional particles using light as a switch. Dark sections will be protective to tissues via free radical scavenging while illuminated sections will be free radical formers that may cause cell death. Particle characterization revealed that the bandgap played a major role in the selectivity of light wavelength while bi-functionality should be attributed to the exchange between [Ce3+] and [Ce4+] valence state. We also conclude that ceria must be a superior free radical former at 302 nm compared to titania since it is capable of surpassing its own free radical scavenging ability. Further tuning of the bandgap is predicted to produce bi-functionality with longer wavelengths. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1010603013002438/1-s2.0-S1010603013002438-main.pdf?_tid=2f89e9a8-19ed-11e8-913f-00000aacb361&acdnat=1519536901_64f5be2fb7d6e12ca3d6029416592c9dhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/44591
ISSN
1010-6030
DOI
10.1016/j.jphotochem.2013.05.019
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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